What is Biblical Typology?
According to St. Augustine, “The New Testament lies hidden in the Old, and the Old Testament is unveiled in the New.”
When studying the Old Testament, there are these persons, places, or situations called “types.” What are these types? These are those that prefigure, foreshadow, or parallel the things that will happen in the future. Types are revealed in the New Testament, which are then called “Antitypes.”
One of the many examples would be Genesis 22. Its story goes like this..
Abraham was commanded by God to take his only son, Isaac, whom Abraham love, to be sacrificed as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of the land of Moriah. On their way up, Isaac was carrying the wood for burnt offering. And Isaac said, “Behold, the fire and the wood; but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” And Abraham replied, “God will provide Himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son.”
Side comment: Yahweh-Yireh means the Lord will provide. The thing we can learn from this is that Abraham said this during one of his most distressful moment. He still trusted the Lord even in times he did not understood what was happening.
When they have reached the top, Abraham binds Isaac (the Akedah in Hebrew), and as he was about to struck Isaac with a knife an angel appeared and stopped Abraham.
Guess what?! Fast forward to the New Testament, God did provide Himself the Lamb. As John the Baptist announced, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29)
During Jesus’ passion and death..in the same manner, Jesus carried the wood (the cross) upon His shoulders just like Isaac. He was the sacrificial lamb that Abraham had mentioned – “God will provide Himself the lamb.” Mount Moriah is also found in Jerusalem, as well as Calvary (or Golgotha – the place of skull). And lastly, He was God’s only begotten Son, whom God loves just like Abaraham.
Remember, “The New Testament lies hidden in the Old, and the Old Testament is unveiled in the New.”
Mount Moriah is where the “Dome of the Rock” is presently located. It is also a holy place for Muslims, Jews, and Christians. Muslims believed that it is the last place where Mohammed last stood before ascending to heaven. This is where (based on Jewish tradition) Solomon’s Temple (the First Temple) was built, and was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC.
Inside the Dome of the Rock is the Foundation Stone. It is good to study this when it comes to the handing of the Keys of the Kingdom to Peter (the Rock) by Jesus, as well as the Papacy of the Popes of the Catholic Church. The idea of the Pope (the Al-habayit) is deeply rooted in the Old Testament and goes way back to the Book of Genesis.